Moving large items on a truck that are heavier than a standard load requires special overweight permits before the load can move over the road. Getting the right permits can be tricky, and often, you will need to plan the route according to the rules of each state and apply for permits in all the states you are moving through.
Working With a Load Broker
Loads that are overweight or oversized are often set up by a load broker, making things much easier for the driver moving the load. The load broker will get the details about the load from the vendor and then obtain the overweight permits for the load before the job goes to the truck driver that is going to move it.
The broker will often plan the entire route for the load ahead of time so that they can apply for the overweight permits in each state that requires it and organize support cars to help with traffic. If traffic needs to be stopped to allow the load to pass through an area, the broker will need to organize that as well.
Most load brokers have drivers lined up for different kinds of jobs, and when they are working with a vendor to move an overweight load, they look for drivers that have experience with these loads. Often, the drivers will be able to offer some insight on the route and work with the broker to plan the load.
Weight Limits and Exceptions
If the load is overweight, the way the load is handled could be dictated by the permit. Overweight permits can specify each axle's weight requirements on the trailer or how many axles are needed on the trailer to spread the weight of the load out over the road.
It is also possible that the overweight permits that are issued for the load allow an exception to use a road that would not usually be a truck route but can be the best option for the driver. If the road is wide and does not have much traffic, moving over that road may also eliminate the need to stop traffic in the area while the load is being moved.
If the road is not heavily used, it is good to have a safety car check the road for damage or obstacles that may be on the road to ensure the truck can get the load through before the truck commits to the route. If the road is not safe, most overweight permits allow the driver to change the route, but you may need to call the broker who set up the load to approve the change.